Measurement of cardiac Troponin I is used as an aid in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Troponin I is released rapidly in blood circulation after the onset of AMI.
Myoglobin is one of the first markers associated with myocardial necrosis to rise above normal levels. The measurement of Myoglobin can be used as a rapid and sensitive test in the early phase of an AMI.
CK-MB is found predominantly in cardiac muscle cells, accounting for approximately 10-40% of myocardial CK. Concentration levels of CK-MB in blood aids in the diagnosis and monitoring of myocardial injury.
Elevated concentrations of D-Dimer indicate increased coagulation and fibrinolytic activity. D-Dimer assay may be useful in assisting with the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.
The result from NTproBNP assay aids in the diagnosis and assessment of severity of congestive heart failure (CHF) and risk stratification in patients with acute coronary syndrome.
Measurement of high sensitivity CRP may add to the predictive value of other markers used to assess the risk of cardiovascular and peripheral vascular diseases.